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Why this country lacks work culture?

 
When the Narendra Modi government sacked 129 officials and employees on allegations of dereliction of duty and ordered 1,800 others to quit, I suddenly remembered a TV serial, Office Office! There was a character called Musaddilal who used to go from pillar to post to get his work done. His work never got done! Years later, these serial characters are still remembered because people see in those characters the truth around them.
 
It was a comedy serial but it was so close to reality that people used to see in it their ordeal which they would suffer everyday. Although there has been some difference due to computerisation, it has not been so telling that we could compare our country’s working culture to America, Western countries, Japan or neighbouring China! After computerisation, a new scam of ‘Server is Down’ has emerged. In fact, the US has a separate department to ensure that the server is never down! Compared to our country, there are negligible ‘server down’ cases in the US.
 
As far as the working hours are concerned -- America or Japan or European countries -- there are eight hours per day for officers and employees everywhere. There is a half hour lunch break in these eight hours. Officers and employees work with full dedication and devotion for the remaining seven and a half hours. Their focus remains on how fast every work should be done so that more work can be completed.
 
Even in this hurry, they take care that the quality of work is not affected! Completing the work on time is their first priority. This situation also prevails in Japan. Do we have such a work culture here? In some private offices or selected establishments, there may be such a system. But in the offices responsible for fulfilling the basic needs like the collector’s office, the commissioner’s office, municipal corporation, district panchayat or RTO, there is absolutely no such system. There may be some exceptions, but in most places you can see the common man wandering in search of the missing officer.
 
In fact, there is a lack of responsibility in different departments and offices in our country, and the common man has to suffer on account of it. Let me tell you about a recent development. Pensioners retiring from private institutions receive pension from the EPF on the first day of every month. This pension was not deposited on June 1. People thought that the pension would be credited in two to four days. When one week passed, some people reached the EPF office. They were told that all the pensioners will have to submit three documents and only then the pension will be credited! When the aggrieved pensioners said they did not have any information, an official directed them to the notice board in the office saying that the notice is pasted there! Is this not an irresponsible attitude? After all, no pensioner goes to EPF office every month! His pension is directly deposited in the bank. Why should he go to the EPF office? It is the responsibility of the department to send information to the pensioners. The common man faces many such situations in everyday life.
 
Even in our country, an office-goer works for a specified duration but in most cases he does not show the dedication, he does not give the productivity which is expected of him. Well, leave aside the point of quality and creativity! In our country there is a long duration of lunch break. Tea breaks are freely taken. In order to take stock of the work culture in the country, an Indian media house consulted a survey company three years ago and got the survey conducted. Survey report showed that 52 per cent of working professionals in India do not enjoy their work. They are not interested in new challenges in their work. Some 29 per cent are those people who consider wasting time as a part of the work. Similarly, 66 per cent of the people were of the opinion that it is necessary to reach the work place on time. This indicated that for the remaining 34 per cent of the people timing did not matter. Obviously, when people do not enjoy their work, there can neither be quality nor any creativity in them.
 
The way our neighbouring country is moving forward, the way it is dominating the economic world is astonishing. The question is how did it achieve this capability? China, Japan and India started their modern development journey almost together. Though we have also made our own progress, there are no two opinions that our growth is less compared to China and Japan. In fact, Japan and China combined the work with nation building and our work was left at the private level!
 
China made its human resources the basis of productivity and no attention was given to it here in India! China turned the youth towards the cottage industry and we started giving allowances to the unemployed. China has made its farmers modern and we continue to play politics with the farmers. Our farmer is getting trapped in debt. If we have to change this situation, the work will have to be linked with the national spirit. Every person has to understand that the nation will progress only when we move ahead. We have to change our attitude. We must understand the cost and need of hard work.
 
Former US national security adviser Colin Powell said: Dreams do not come true by magic. It requires perspiration, commitment and hard work.
If India is to be taken on the path of progress at a fast pace, along with these three qualities, it is very important to instill a sense of responsibility in every person. Every person will have to make efforts to make our work culture better.
 
Before I conclude
 
I am currently in California and there is a great fascination for Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi here. He is coming to San Francisco on June 25, which is about 200 miles from here. People believe that Modi is doing a very good job and that India’s name has been elevated in the world. Secondly, I have felt that people are happy with the performance of US President Donald Trump and say that the media here is targeting him unnecessarily. The common man’s opinion is that Donald Trump is working in the interests of country and he should be given time.

Farmers are treated like orphans

Farmers’ agitation is going great guns at present. But is this development a sudden outburst? The answer to this question is that the political system of this country has always treated the farmers as orphans. It is so ironic that on the one hand we call the farmers Annadata, in Maharashtra they are also called Baliraja, and on the other, their condition is so pathetic that many of them choose to end their lives. In advanced states like Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh, farmers are also forced to commit suicide. It’s so shameful and painful!
Official statistics say that about 353 million people are involved in farming in the country. These farmers owe a total loan of Rs 12,60,000 crores while the Rs. 6,70,000 crores which the industrialists of this country have taken as loans from banks are about to sink. It is called NPA, which is called non-performing assets in general language. However, there is a dispute over this figure. Experts say that the reduced NPA is being shown. The actual NPA is more than Rs. 12 lakh crores. Also know that the concession in the form of tax incentives to the tune of Rs. 17,14,000 crores have been given to industrial houses in the last three years. No strictness is shown to recover debt from the industries but the recovery agents of banks harass the farmers and take away cows & buffaloes from their house.
 
As far as loan waivers are concerned, the Reserve Bank of India rules advise not to take this step because this will upset the budget. It is also true that the states are not able to bear the full burden of loan waiver. But the question that arises is that when permission is granted to write off industries’ loans and they are given concessions as incentives then why should the farmers not get this facility? In Uttar Pradesh, the BJP wanted to win the election and hence made a promise for loan waiver. After winning the election, the BJP waived the farmers’ loans. Following the agitation, chief minister Devendra Fadnavis finally announced waiver of loans and most farmers will be debt free. I congratulate the chief minister for this but what about farmers in other states?
 
Some people raise the question that there was a loan waiver during Indira Gandhi’s time and the UPA government but what difference does that make? Farmers are still committing suicide! How has their situation improved? I believe loan waiver is an immediate diagnosis. In the spirit of time and relevance, it is very important that the farmers get relief. The lasting solution to the problem can not be found until we see farming from the industry perspective. If the industries have to be set up then farmers’ land is taken. The industrial belt is created. Road shows are organised at home and abroad to attract industry. Plans are made, technology is taken into account. All resources are prepared. Due thought is given to where the goods will be sold, the concessions and freebees are showered like anything but have you ever seen this type of idea being applied to farming?
 
The representatives of the farmers have also been reaching the Parliament and the state legislatures, have become ministers, but these leaders have never tried to capture the root cause of the problem. That is why whether they are Chaudhary Charan Singh, Devi Lal, Sharad Pawar, Mahendra Singh Tikait or Sharad Joshi, who are agitating in the name of farmers, the problems of farmers can not be solved. Swaminathan was a great honourable person under whose chairmanship the government had also formed a commission. He also presented the report but it has not been implemented till date. The government has never evinced will to transform the agriculture into industry and nor has the Planning Commission taken any such initiatives.
 
Many agricultural universities have been set up in this country but what are they apart from being white elephants? There is a lot of research on paper but on the ground, did the farmers get any benefit? It is necessary that thousands of agricultural workers should be trained which link farmers to modern technology. The  government has to take initiative for this. Plans should be made. It will take years but the situation of the farmers will definitely improve.
 
More than 80 per cent of the farmers in this country are small land holders. They have land in pieces. As long as we continue to do the piecemeal farming, farming can not be transformed into a profitable proposition. A cluster of thousands of acres of land is readied in countries like America, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Brazil and Israel. Farmers have an involvement in the measurement of the land and get the benefit. Today, exotic fruits like Kiwi, Blackberry are coming from America, Japan, New Zealand, Australia. Japan cultivates such  melons as are sold for between $250 and $500. Can we not cultivate such exotic fruits? But first, farmers should be equipped with technology and other resources!
 
There is no such effort to make cluster and train the farmers till date. Good seeds, good manure is very distant. There is no planning on what the farmers should grow so that they get good prices. We must also consider what kind of land we have and which crop can give better yield.
 
In my 18-year tenure in the Rajya Sabha, I have always raised questions about the status of farmers. With the figures, I kept this fact in the House that the crops are destroyed in the country due to shortage of water, due to excess water (flood) and hailstorms. So the government should plan how to save the farmers from flood and drought. For this, I have been continuously raising the demand in the House for providing necessary infrastructure. A large number of cold storages and warehouses are needed in this country. Millions of tonnes of grains rot every season. There should be an arrangement for marketing the farm produce. And all this should be on the ground, not on paper! Nothing will happen by launching farmers’ TV and farmers’ bulletin. There is a need to ensure water and power supply for farmers to cultivate and prosper? In a country where there are big scams in the name of irrigation, who is there to see if the farmer’s farm is getting water for irrigation or not? You have not seen a farmer living in a good bungalow and travelling in a big car but the people of who play the politics of farmers are enjoying themselves to the hilt. Cooperative banks were set up for farmers but political farmers are having all the fun. Farmers are dying, what difference does that make to them? Here there are  the people who swallow the grain of the poor and yet do not feel ashamed nor pained. It seems that there is a lack of both shame and pain in the administrative system. The farmers’ suicide has become a subject of fun and frivolity. It is a good thing to love your children but do not hate children of others! We need a government that believes, that feels your pain! As long as the government does not feel the pain of farmers, the situation will remain the same.
However, many people are asking the question whether the current farmers’ agitation involves real farmers or representatives of the farmers or someone else is driving it in the name of farmers? I believe that farmers should avoid politicians and political parties as they target the government in the name of farmers.
 
Before I conclude
 
Britain which ruled India for nearly 200 years, today houses many parliamentarians of Indian origin. In the UK Parliament, Indian people have been flying the flag of their victory. In the latest election, 12 people of Indian origin including Preet Kaur Gill and Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi have been elected MPs. The last time this number was 10. This is really a heart-warming news.

Environment devastation means self-destructio

 
Before discussing the latest step of US President Donald Trump, let's take a look at some of the environmental issues released by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), a reputed scientific institution in his country and around the world.
 
In the past 6,50,000 years, our planet's carbon dioxide has never been as much as 406.17 particle/million as it is today. After the industrial revolution, the amount of acids in the upper surface of the ocean has increased by about 30 per cent. Every year, about 2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide dissolve in this water.
 
This is a dangerous situation where the US contributes 15 per cent to global carbon emissions. The more carbon dioxide goes into the atmosphere, the harder the life will get.
 
NASA's facts say further: Between 2002 and 2006, Greenland lost 150 to 250 cubic kilometers of snow, from 2002 to 2005, 152 cubic kilometers of snow in Antarctica was destroyed. Antarctica had the lowest ice in the summer of 2012.
 
In nearly a hundred years, the temperature of the Earth has increased by about 1.1 degree Celsius.
 
The point to note here is that the 11 warmest years recorded so far are from the late 1990s. The 1990s was the hottest decade in the entire millennium. In 2003, 35,000 people died in Europe due to the effects of hot winds. 2016 was the hottest year. Eight out of the 12 months were much warmer compared to previous years.
 
Due to the increasing temperature worldwide, over 700 meters of sea water have become warmer by 0.302 degree Fahrenheit in the past 45 years. It is not necessary to tell why temperature is rising on Earth. Everyone knows that after years of industrialization, the carbon dioxide in the environment has increased; it has caused holes in the natural ozone layer that protects us. Obviously, if this earth is to be saved, then most of the activities of human beings, which are destroying the environment in a dangerous way, will have to be curbed. America is guiltier because Industrial Revolution took place there first and the most harm has been done by her.
 
Concern about climate change is not really new. After World War II, discussions about climate change were going on, but no concrete steps were being taken. Years later, in 1972, the first conference was held in Sweden's capital Stockholm, in which every country made its rules for environmental protection. The United Nations Environment Program was formed for this. Headquartered at Nairobi, it continued to be ignored. It took  20 years for  the world to realize that something else should be done!
 
Representatives of different countries met in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and decided that member countries would meet every year and discuss climate related concerns and chalk out plans. This conference was named as Conference of Parties (KoP). The havoc is being wreaked since then.
 
A turning point came when in November-December 2015, at the Paris Climate Summit, 195 countries of the world agreed on the fact that they would work together to curb the rising temperature of the earth and strive to save the Earth.
 
The developed countries have been given greater responsibility because they have already done more harm. It was decided that the developed countries should give 100 billion dollars per annum to the developing countries from 2020, so that they can adopt carbon emission reduction methods. India also got involved in it.
 
Now Trump is saying that India has joined the agreement because it will get billions of dollars! Amazing indeed, Trump sahab! If India has to reduce the consumption of coal for electricity, then the money is needed to adopt other ways. This money must be given by those who have harmed the environment.
 
Why do we suffer the brunt of their actions? Yet we are more active because we equate environment to God. We believe the Earth to be mother, worship the rivers and the sea, worship air and worship trees and plants. Around 2,600 years ago, Lord Mahavir bequeathed to us the religion that is closest to environment.
 
The message of all the religions based in Indian culture is to protect nature and environment.There can be no one in the world more concerned about the environment than us. The United Nations has just released a report in which it has been stated that India has been running eight years ahead of the target of reducing carbon emissions as per the 2015 agreement. By 2022, India will start generating 40 per cent of its power from non-conventional sources.
 
Trump sahab is in a hurry to overturn every decision of Obama. He forgot Obama had said that everyone had a win in the Paris accord. America has the opportunity to create millions of jobs by investing in new technology and new research and the opportunity for developing countries to take advantage of new inventions. American industrialists also expressed their opinion in favour of the agreement.
 
This move of Trump is being opposed in the United States, but Trump is becoming victim of blind nationalism. The good thing is that the European Union is with this agreement. If all are united in favour of the agreement, then Trump can be taught a lesson that a lot of things are possible even without America’s support.
 
However, these things are of national and international level and will continue. But we will have to make some effort at the people's level. The government's effort must also be with us. There is no wood or coal smoke in the 2 crore homes to which Narendra Modi has provided domestic gas connections. This is a big initiative. Vehicles, ACs and refrigerators also make a huge contribution to the carbon emissions. However, these are the things without which it is difficult to work or live.
 
We can try and share the vehicle and make the most of public transport. Use the bicycle to move around the neighbourhood. Do not throw garbage in the rivers. It is necessary that emphasis be laid on environmental education. There is no such effective system in our education system now so that we could tell the next generation what our Earth, our atmosphere is and what we must do to save it. Some small tips can also be effective. And of course, we should also make a resolve that if we are using two ACs in our house, then at least four trees will be planted.
 
Before I conclude
Nagpur City RTO has taken a great initiative. Now for the passage of truck-bus, 4 trees, three for a mid-sized bus, two for cars and two for small vehicles and a tree for  auto rickshaw will have to be planted. Though legally it has not been made mandatory, but it has been said that the photo of planting trees should be submitted! Expect this initiative to be meaningful. Such initiatives should be started not only in Nagpur but also in other cities and it should be kept in mind that the sapling that has been planted should remain alive. Every year, millions of trees are planted in this country. The question is: how many survive?

Environment devastation means self-destruction

 
Before discussing the latest step of US President Donald Trump, let's take a look at some of the environmental issues released by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), a reputed scientific institution in his country and around the world.
 
In the past 6,50,000 years, our planet's carbon dioxide has never been as much as 406.17 particle/million as it is today. After the industrial revolution, the amount of acids in the upper surface of the ocean has increased by about 30 per cent. Every year, about 2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide dissolve in this water.
 
This is a dangerous situation where the US contributes 15 per cent to global carbon emissions. The more carbon dioxide goes into the atmosphere, the harder the life will get.
 
NASA's facts say further: Between 2002 and 2006, Greenland lost 150 to 250 cubic kilometers of snow, from 2002 to 2005, 152 cubic kilometers of snow in Antarctica was destroyed. Antarctica had the lowest ice in the summer of 2012.
 
In nearly a hundred years, the temperature of the Earth has increased by about 1.1 degree Celsius.
 
The point to note here is that the 11 warmest years recorded so far are from the late 1990s. The 1990s was the hottest decade in the entire millennium. In 2003, 35,000 people died in Europe due to the effects of hot winds. 2016 was the hottest year. Eight out of the 12 months were much warmer compared to previous years.
 
Due to the increasing temperature worldwide, over 700 meters of sea water have become warmer by 0.302 degree Fahrenheit in the past 45 years. It is not necessary to tell why temperature is rising on Earth. Everyone knows that after years of industrialization, the carbon dioxide in the environment has increased; it has caused holes in the natural ozone layer that protects us. Obviously, if this earth is to be saved, then most of the activities of human beings, which are destroying the environment in a dangerous way, will have to be curbed. America is guiltier because Industrial Revolution took place there first and the most harm has been done by her.
 
Concern about climate change is not really new. After World War II, discussions about climate change were going on, but no concrete steps were being taken. Years later, in 1972, the first conference was held in Sweden's capital Stockholm, in which every country made its rules for environmental protection. The United Nations Environment Program was formed for this. Headquartered at Nairobi, it continued to be ignored. It took  20 years for  the world to realize that something else should be done!
 
Representatives of different countries met in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and decided that member countries would meet every year and discuss climate related concerns and chalk out plans. This conference was named as Conference of Parties (KoP). The havoc is being wreaked since then.
 
A turning point came when in November-December 2015, at the Paris Climate Summit, 195 countries of the world agreed on the fact that they would work together to curb the rising temperature of the earth and strive to save the Earth.
 
The developed countries have been given greater responsibility because they have already done more harm. It was decided that the developed countries should give 100 billion dollars per annum to the developing countries from 2020, so that they can adopt carbon emission reduction methods. India also got involved in it.
 
Now Trump is saying that India has joined the agreement because it will get billions of dollars! Amazing indeed, Trump sahab! If India has to reduce the consumption of coal for electricity, then the money is needed to adopt other ways. This money must be given by those who have harmed the environment.
 
Why do we suffer the brunt of their actions? Yet we are more active because we equate environment to God. We believe the Earth to be mother, worship the rivers and the sea, worship air and worship trees and plants. Around 2,600 years ago, Lord Mahavir bequeathed to us the religion that is closest to environment.
 
The message of all the religions based in Indian culture is to protect nature and environment.There can be no one in the world more concerned about the environment than us. The United Nations has just released a report in which it has been stated that India has been running eight years ahead of the target of reducing carbon emissions as per the 2015 agreement. By 2022, India will start generating 40 per cent of its power from non-conventional sources.
 
Trump sahab is in a hurry to overturn every decision of Obama. He forgot Obama had said that everyone had a win in the Paris accord. America has the opportunity to create millions of jobs by investing in new technology and new research and the opportunity for developing countries to take advantage of new inventions. American industrialists also expressed their opinion in favour of the agreement.
 
This move of Trump is being opposed in the United States, but Trump is becoming victim of blind nationalism. The good thing is that the European Union is with this agreement. If all are united in favour of the agreement, then Trump can be taught a lesson that a lot of things are possible even without America’s support.
 
However, these things are of national and international level and will continue. But we will have to make some effort at the people's level. The government's effort must also be with us. There is no wood or coal smoke in the 2 crore homes to which Narendra Modi has provided domestic gas connections. This is a big initiative. Vehicles, ACs and refrigerators also make a huge contribution to the carbon emissions. However, these are the things without which it is difficult to work or live.
 
We can try and share the vehicle and make the most of public transport. Use the bicycle to move around the neighbourhood. Do not throw garbage in the rivers. It is necessary that emphasis be laid on environmental education. There is no such effective system in our education system now so that we could tell the next generation what our Earth, our atmosphere is and what we must do to save it. Some small tips can also be effective. And of course, we should also make a resolve that if we are using two ACs in our house, then at least four trees will be planted.
 
Before I conclude
Nagpur City RTO has taken a great initiative. Now for the passage of truck-bus, 4 trees, three for a mid-sized bus, two for cars and two for small vehicles and a tree for  auto rickshaw will have to be planted. Though legally it has not been made mandatory, but it has been said that the photo of planting trees should be submitted! Expect this initiative to be meaningful. Such initiatives should be started not only in Nagpur but also in other cities and it should be kept in mind that the sapling that has been planted should remain alive. Every year, millions of trees are planted in this country. The question is: how many survive?